Agencies that sponsor research are interested in maximizing the value of that research. Increasingly, this means requiring the recipients of grants to make the results of their research – both scholarly articles and the data supporting them – freely available to the public.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) (“by far the largest federal supporter of basic research, applied research, and R&D at colleges and universities”) has had a public access policy for articles since 2008. In 2013 the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a memo requiring more agencies – all those with more than $100M in R&D expenditures – to develop a plan to require public access to both publications and data arising from the grants they award.

Please consult the guide to U.S. Federal Science Agencies’ Public Access Plans for the most up to date information on requirements for sharing articles and data funded by federal grants.

Page last updated September 20, 2017.

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