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Policies & Legislation

Federal Agencies

Agencies that sponsor research are interested in maximizing the value of that research. Increasingly, this means requiring the recipients of grants to make the results of their research – both scholarly articles and the data supporting them – freely available to the public.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) (“by far the largest federal supporter of basic research, applied research, and R&D at colleges and universities”) has had a public access policy for articles since 2008. In 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a memo requiring more agencies – all those with more than $100M in R&D expenditures – to develop a plan to require public access to both publications and data arising from the grants they award.

Please consult the guide to U.S. Federal Science Agencies’ Public Access Plans for the most up-to-date information on requirements for sharing articles and data funded by federal grants.

State Agencies

California passed the California Taxpayer Access to Publicly Funded Research Act in October 2014. This law establishes public access requirements for articles funded by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH). Authors who receive grant funds from the CDPH on or after January 1, 2015 will be required to provide free public access to publications arising from those funds within 12 months of publication.

University of California

The Academic Senate of the University of California adopted an Open Access Policy on July 24, 2013, ensuring that future research articles authored by faculty at all 10 campuses of UC will be made available to the public at no charge. A precursor to this policy was adopted by the UCSF Academic Senate on May 21, 2012. On October 23, 2015, a Presidential Open Access Policy expanded open access rights and responsibilities to all other authors who write scholarly articles while employed at UC, including non-senate researchers, lecturers, post-doctoral scholars, administrative staff, librarians, and graduate students.

Learn more about the University of California Open Access Policy.

Other Funders

The World Bank, Autism Speaks, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and other organizations require grant recipients to deposit their manuscripts in open access repositories. SHERPA/JULIET tracks these funder requirements.

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