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Policies & Legislation

Federal Agencies

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

The NIH Public Access Policy, established in 2008, requires that authors provide public access to all peer-reviewed manuscripts accepted for publication that are the result of NIH-funded research. Articles must be made available in PubMed Central within 12 months of publication. Read more:

National Science Foundation (NSF)

Since 2011, the NSF has required that grant proposals include a data management plan that describes how grant applicants will preserve and share their data in accordance with NSF policy. Read more about data archiving and data publication, or go straight to the Data Management Planning Tool.

And more…

A much broader range of federal agencies will soon require authors to provide public access to their publications. The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) has directed most federal funding agencies to adopt policies requiring grant recipients to make both data and articles publicly available. The Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014 has similar requirements for agencies in the departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education. This site will be updated when final policies created pursuant these requirements – and their effective dates – are announced.

Meanwhile, a bill called FASTR (Fair Access to Science and Technology Research) Act has been introduced in Congress that would have similar requirements. You can follow its progress in the House and the Senate.

State Agencies

California passed the California Taxpayer Access to Publicly Funded Research Act in October 2014. This law establishes public access requirements for articles funded by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH). Authors who receive grant funds from the CDPH on or after January 1, 2015 will be required to provide free public access to publications arising from those funds within 12 months of publication.

University of California

The Academic Senate of the University of California passed an Open Access Policy on July 24, 2013, ensuring that future research articles authored by faculty at all 10 campuses of UC will be made available to the public at no charge. Learn more about the University of California Open Access Policy.

Other Funders

The World Bank, Autism Speaks, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and other organizations require grant recipients to deposit their manuscripts in open access repositories. SHERPA/JULIET tracks these funder requirements.